Orthodontics: should you consider it?

11 Sep 2013

Orthodontics is a sub-field within dentistry that focuses on treating irregularities and defects when it comes to your teeth. Orthodontic care often relies on special appliances  that can be fixed or removable, depending on specific cases and the reason that got you the appliance in the first place; the latter may be to straighten out your teeth, close down on gaps between teeth, correct bites or align your teeth. In fact,  if you think about it, most people suffer from some level of flaws when it comes down to teeth's shape and alignment. This flaws may concern teeth crowding or gaps between a pair of teeth. If such irregularities make a person feel inadequate in consequence of self-consciousness, it's important to note that this dental irregularities can lead to functional problems as well. Moreover, not all people with irregular teeth have inherited them. Some of us may end up with a flawed smile in consequence of a trauma. Others literally cause their teeth to be imperfect by acting upon bad habits such as sucking thumbs, thing-trusting teeth or biting on objects.

If you ever wondered why orthodontic care is recommended as early as when a person is in his teen years, the answer is to be found in a still growing and developing bone structure and teeth structure malleability. The earlier you start with treatment, and the earlier you will get best results.

However, in the past decade an increased number of adults have been encouraged to seek for orthodontic care, as even if orthodontic treatment may take longer to bring in results, it is never to late to get yourself a flawless smile. Remember that orthodontics not only corrects teeth's alignment and gaps, it can also help you reduce the chanced to suffer from tooth decay, gum disease and periodontitis.

Let's look at a closer look at common bite irregularities that can be easily corrected by using an orthodontic appliance:

Teeth crowding: teeth don't have enough space to grow into the right position.

Crossbite: the upper teeth are either too protrudent or towards the inside in comparison to lower teeth.

Open bite: when your upper and lower teeth don't meet when you chew or bite down.

Underbite: categorized under cross bite, it occurs when the lower teeth are ahead of the upper teeth.

Overbite: when upper teeth protrude significantly in comparison to lower teeth.

Unevenly spacing between teeth.

To treat any of the above smile flaws, there are more than one courseof action. The most common implies wearing braces, an appliance that puts slight pressure to teeth pushing them in the right position over time. One of the main down falls of braces is the amount of time needed to complete the treatment. In most cases, a person will be required to wear braces for at least a year or two before getting the desired results. However, in the long run healthy teeth and a perfect smile are worth the time needed to get to it.